How Language Presents the World in Blitar, East Java

JUST HOW LANGUAGE PRESENTS THE WORLD IN BLITAR, EAST JAVA

Inside the SFL accounts the ideational strand of meaning the truth is involves two components: that of experiential which means in the offer (Halliday and Matthiessen 2004) and that from the logical that means between condition in offer complexes. Experiential meaning is definitely expressed through the system of Transitivity or process type, together with the choice of process implicating linked participant tasks and constructions.

Blitar can be described as city in East Java, lies between Malang that language can be assumed to be direct and earnest and Tulungagung in which people speak cautiously based on the degree of politenes. The language each uses is in common with other Austronesian languages, and spoken differently depending to the social framework.

Like various other languages, the centre of Blitarese clausal system is the verbal group construing the process and interacts through a variety of participant functions.

PACKAGING EXPERIENCE

In Blitarese, process and participant can be presented as the following: a. Expressing what one knows about what does to whom under what circumstances: Individual Agus Kucinge Participant Kucinge Danang Participant Lik Pri Asune Individual Ibu Process ipant dolan. caring. Method ipant nggondhol nemu Process ipant tindak mlayu Procedure ipant tumbas Participant iwak duit Circumstances Participant nang Malang nang ratan Player pisang Circumstances Participant nang pasar

one particular

b. Yet , to bring someone's focus, one may say the process prior to participant. The word/phrase spoken before the previous participant is the central part of the term: Process Player ipant Dolan Caring Agus kucinge

Method ipant Tindak Mlayu

Situation nang Malang nang ratan

Participant Lik Pri asune

Process ipant Nggondhol Nemu Process ipant Tumbas

Participator iwak duit Participant pisang

Participant kucinge Danang Scenario Participant nang pasar Participant Ibu

c. Finite can be not applied in most Javanese language. Sometimes, the process is represented with a circumstance which is often expressed alternately with the emphasis on the 1st phrase: Individual ipant Wayange Pancine Mbukake Process ipant Circumstance engko bengi ning pogo karo gaman = = sama dengan Engko bengi Ning pogo Karo gaman wayange pancine mbukake

П† П† П†

CLAUSE CONSTITUENCY Most Blitarese clauses have constituent framework in terms of Individuals, Process and Circumstance. The following clauses are normal in this language. Circumstance

Participant ipant Lik Nur Lik Nur Lik Nur Lik Nur Lik Nur Lik Nur

Procedure ipant wis rawuh. ngasto ngasto slametan

Participant ipant oleh dengan. oleh oleh

П† П†

П† П† П†

macem-macem. wingenane. teko Jakarta. lemu.

2

Individual ipant Bapak Bapak Bapak

Circumstance mambengi nang ngarep nang ngarep

Process ipant kenduren

П†

makani

Individual ipant nang daleme Sobre Kar. karo De Kar. П† manuk. Circumstance

Expected Clause likewise applies in Blitarese. Participator Aku Bu Guru Method lali ngutus Participant Forecasted clause nggowo payung. njupuk kapur.

aku

PROCESS TYPES AND PLAYER ROLES Material Processes ( kenduren, jagongan, rawuh, etc) and Behavioral Processes (angop, watuk, krungu, ngampleng etc) as doing-verb can be seen in this kind of language. The mental procedures as projecting verbs are also applicable (lali, eling, rumongso).

a. ‘Tak' and ‘mbok' Some mental and material processes will be uniquely preceeded by certain form of participator representing the first and second audio. Instead of using ‘aku', ‘tak' represents the behaver or senser, and in turn of ‘awakmu' or ‘sampeyan', ‘mbok' symbolizes the behaver or senser. These are used with specific behavioral or mental processes. Portion: Behaver Ngakl Mbok Portion: Senser Ngakl Mbok Pro: Material sawang sawang lebokno Pro: Mental kiro kiro Range Pheno awakmu Scenario Phenomenonarticip tambah ayu nang lemari

Sensation articipant awakmu loro. aku lali.

Once other...

Referrals: Eggins, Suzanne, 2004. An intro to Systemic Functional Linguistics, Continuum Intercontinental Publishing Group. London. Halliday, MAK & Mathiessen, MIM, 2004 An Introduction to Useful Grammar. Oxford University Press, New York.

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